​​DECEMBER 2015


December 1, 1955 - The birth of the modern American civil rights movement occurred as Rosa Parks was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama, for refusing to give up her seat to a white man and move to the back section of a municipal bus.
December 2, 1823 - President James Monroe introduced his "Monroe Doctrine."
December 2, 1942 - Physicists led by Enrico Fermi carried out the world's first successful nuclear chain reaction at the University of Chicago.
December 3, 1967 - The first successful heart transplant was performed by Dr. Christiaan Barnard at Cape Town, South African, on Louis Washkansky, who lived for 18 days.
December 3, 1984 - A deadly gas leak (of methyl isocyanate) at a Union Carbide plant in Bhopal, India, killed at least 3,000 persons and injured more than 200,000.
December 5, 1933 - The 18th Amendment (Prohibition Amendment) to the U.S. Constitution was repealed.
December 6, 1865 - The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified, abolishing slavery.
December 7, 1941 - The U.S. Naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, was attacked by nearly 200 Japanese aircraft in a raid that lasted just over one hour and left nearly 3,000 Americans dead.
December 8, 1980 - Former Beatle, John Lennon assassinated
December 9, 1994 - Sinn Fein, the Irish Republican Army's political wing, held its first formal talks with Britain in over 70 years.
December 10, 1950 - Dr. Ralph Bunche became the first African American man awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, 
December 11, 1901 - The first transatlantic radio signal was transmitted by Guglielmo Marconi from Cornwall, England, to St. John's, Newfoundland.
December 11, 1936 - King Edward VIII abdicated the throne of England to marry "the woman I love"
December 13, 1862 - American Civil War, the Battle of Fredericksburg fought.
December 14, 1799 - George Washington died at Mount Vernon.
December 14, 1911 - Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen became the first person to reach the South Pole.
December 15, 1791 - The Bill of Rights (first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution) became effective following ratification by Virginia.
December 15, 1890 - Sioux leader Sitting Bull (native name Tatanka-yatanka) was killed in a skirmish with U.S. soldiers.
December 16, 1653 - Following the defeat of King Charles I in the English Civil War, Oliver Cromwell, leader of the Parliamentary forces, was declared Lord Protector of England.
December 16, 1773 - The Boston Tea Party.
December 16, 1944 - During World War II in Europe, the Battle of the Bulge began.
December 17, 1903 - Orville and Wilbur Wright achieved the first powered and controlled airplane flight.  
December 18, 1865 - The 13th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified abolishing slavery.
December 19, 1732 - Benjamin Franklin first published Poor Richard's Almanac.
December 20, 1860 - South Carolina became the first state to secede from the Union in a prelude to the American Civil War.
December 21st - Winter begins in the Northern Hemisphere. In the Southern Hemisphere today is the beginning of summer.
December 21, 1972 - East and West Germany established diplomatic ties.
December 21, 1988 - Pan American Flight 103 exploded in midair as the result of a terrorist bomb and crashed into Lockerbie, Scotland.
December 23, 1947 - The transistor was invented at Bell Laboratories by John Bardeen, Walter Brattain and William Shockley.
December 24, 1814 - The Treaty of Ghent between America and Britain was signed, officially ending the War of 1812.
December 25th - Christmas Day.
December 25, 1066 - William the Conqueror crowned King of England.
December 25, 1776 - During the American Revolution, George Washington conducted a surprise raid on Trenton.
December 25, 1926 - Hirohito became Emperor of Japan.
December 26th - Boxing Day in the United Kingdom and many other countries.
December 29, 1170 - Thomas Becket, Archbishop of Canterbury was murdered on orders from England's King Henry II.
December 29, 1890 - Members of the U.S. 7th Cavalry massacred more than 200 Native American (Sioux) men, women and children at Wounded Knee Creek, South Dakota.
December 29-30, 1916 - Russian 'monk,' Rasputin (Grigory Yefimovich Novykh) was assassinated. 
December 30, 1922 - The USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics) established.
December 30, 1993 - Israel and the Vatican signed an agreement on mutual recognition.
December 31, 1879 - Thomas Edison provided the first public demonstration of his electric incandescent lamp
December 31st - New Year's Eve.

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OCTOBER 2015


October 1, 1908 - Henry Ford's Model T, a "universal car" designed for the masses, went on sale for the first time.
October 1, 1949 - The People's Republic of China was founded with Mao Zedong as Chairman.
October 1, 1979 - After 70 years of American control, the Panama Canal Zone was formally handed over to Panama.
October 2, 1967 - Thurgood Marshall was sworn in as the first African American associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. 
October 3, 1863 - President Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation designating the last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day.
October 3, 1932 - Iraq gained independence from Britain and joined the League of Nations.
October 3, 1974 - Frank Robinson was hired by the Cleveland Indians as baseball's first African American major league manager.
October 3, 1990 - After 45 years of Cold War division, East and West Germany were reunited as the Federal Republic of Germany.
October 4, 1582 - The Gregorian Calendar took effect in Catholic countries.  Britain and the American colonies adopted the Gregorian Calendar in 1752.
October 4, 1957 - The Space Age began as the Russians launched Sputnik, the first satellite, into orbit. 
October 5, 1877 - Following a 1,700-mile retreat, Chief Joseph of the Nez Perce Indians surrendered to U.S. Cavalry troops at Bear's Paw near Chinook, Montana. "From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever," he declared.
October 5, 1910 - Portugal became a republic following a successful revolt against King Manuel II.
October 6, 1927 - The first "talkie" opened in New York, The Jazz Singer starring Al Jolson.
October 8, 1871 - The Great Fire of Chicago erupted when Mrs. O'Leary's cow kicked over a lantern in her barn.
October 9, 1962 - Uganda achieved independence after nearly 70 years of British rule.
October 9,1940 - John Lennon born in Liverpool, England. 
October 10, 1973 - Spiro T. Agnew (1918-1996) resigned the office of Vice President of the United States.
October 11, 1899 - The Boer War began in South Africa. 
October 11, 1939 - Albert Einstein warned President Franklin D. Roosevelt that his theories could lead to Nazi Germany's development of an atomic bomb. Einstein suggested the U.S. develop its own bomb. This resulted in the top secret "Manhattan Project."
October 12, 1492 - After a 33-day voyage, Christopher Columbus made his first landfall in the New World.
October 12, 1811 - Paraguay declared its independence from Spain and Argentina.
October 12, 1822 - Brazil became independent of Portugal.
October 13, 1884 - Greenwich was established as the universal time from which standard times throughout the world are calculated.
October 14, 1066 - The Norman Conquest began with the Battle of Hastings.
October 14, 1947 - U.S. Air Force Captain Chuck Yeager became the first man to break the sound barrier.
October 14, 1964 - Civil Rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr., became the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize.
October 16, 1793 - Queen Marie Antoinette was beheaded during the Reign of Terror following the French Revolution. 
October 16, 1853 - The Crimean War began.
October 16, 1859 - Fanatical abolitionist John Brown seized the Federal Arsenal at Harpers Ferry.
October 16, 1916 - The first birth control clinic in America was opened in Brooklyn, New York, by Margaret Sanger.
October 18, 1945 - The Nuremberg War Crimes Trial began with indictments against 24 former Nazi leaders including Hermann Göring and Albert Speer. The trial lasted 10 months, with delivery of the judgment completed on October 1, 1946. 
October 19, 1781 - As their band played The World Turned Upside Down, the British Army marched out in formation and surrendered to the Americans at Yorktown.  British General Lord Cornwallis, surrendered to General George Washington.  The war between Britain and its American colonies was effectively ended.  
October 19, 1987 - "Black Monday" occurred on Wall Street as stocks plunged a record 508 points or 22.6 per cent, the largest one-day drop in stock market history.
October 20, 1935 - Mao Zedong's 6,000 mile "Long March" ended as his Communist forces arrived at Yanan, in northwest China.
October 21, 1879 - Thomas Edison successfully tested an electric incandescent lamp with a carbonized filament at his laboratory in Menlo Park, New Jersey.
October 21, 1915 - The first transatlantic radio voice message was made by the American Telephone and Telegraph Company from Virginia to Paris.
October 22, 1962 - President John F. Kennedy appeared on television to inform Americans of the existence of Russian missiles in Cuba. Thus began the Cuban Missile Crisis. 
October 22, 1979 - The exiled Shah of Iran arrived in the United States for medical treatment. A few weeks later, Iranian militants seized the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and took 66 Americans hostage. They demanded the return of the Shah for trial. The U.S. refused. The Shah died of cancer in July of 1980. The hostages were freed in January of 1981.
October 23, 1956 - A Hungarian uprising against Communist rule began with students and workers demonstrating in Budapest. Soviet Russians responded by sending in tanks and put down the revolt after several days of bitter fighting.
October 23, 1989 - Hungary declared itself a republic 33 years after Soviet Russian troops crushed a popular revolt against Communist rule.
October 24, 1861 - The first transcontinental telegram in America was sent from San Francisco to Washington, addressed to President Abraham Lincoln from the Chief Justice of California.
October 24, 1922 - The Irish Parliament voted to adopt a constitution for an Irish Free State, which formally came into existence in December.
October 24, 1945 - The United Nations was founded.
October 24, 1994 - For the first time in 25 years, British troops were absent from the streets of Londonderry, Northern Ireland, following cease-fires by Irish Republican Army (IRA) and pro-British forces.
October 25, 1854 - During the Crimean War, the Charge of the Light Brigade occurred.
October 26, 1881 - The shoot-out at the O.K. Corral in Tombstone, Arizona.
October 26, 1825 - The Erie Canal opened as the first major man-made waterway in America, linking Lake Erie with the Hudson River.
October 27, 1787 - The first of 85 Federalist Papers appeared in print in a New York City newspaper. The essays argued for the adoption of the new U.S. Constitution. They were written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay.
October 27, 1978 - The Nobel Peace Prize was awarded jointly to Menachem Begin of Israel and Anwar Sadat of Egypt.
October 28, 1886 - The Statue of Liberty was dedicated on Bedloe's Island in New York Harbor.  The pedestal contains the words: "Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, the wretched refuse of your teeming shore. Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!"
October 28, 1918 - The Republic of Czechoslovakia was founded.
October 28, 1919 - Prohibition began in the U.S. with the passage of the National Prohibition (Volstead) Act by Congress. 
October 28, 1962 - The Cuban Missile Crisis ended.
October 28, 1971 - The British House of Commons voted 356-244 in favor of joining the European Economic Community.
October 29, 1929 - The stock market crashed as over 16 million shares were dumped amid tumbling prices. The Great Depression followed in America, lasting until the outbreak of World War II.   
October 30, 1938 - Actor Orson Welles’ The War of the Worlds radio broadcast panicked millions of Americans. 
October 30, 1990 - For the first time since the Ice Age, Great Britain was connected with the European continent, via a new rail tunnel under the English Channel.
October 31st - Halloween or All Hallow's Eve, an ancient celebration combining the Christian festival of All Saints with Pagan autumn festivals.
October 31, 1517 - Martin Luther nailed his 95 Theses to the door of Wittenberg's palace church, markng the beginning of the Protestant Reformation in Germany.
October 31, 1984 - Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was assassinated.

NOVEMBER 2015

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November 1st - All Hallows Day, also known as All Saints Day among Roman Catholics, commemorating those who have no special feast day.
November 1, 1963 -
South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu were killed in a military coup.  Consequently, the US became mired in the 11 year Viet Nam war.
November 1, 1993 -
The European Union came into existence as a result of the Maastricht Treaty.
November 3, 1948 -
Dewey Defeats Truman banner headline appeared on the front page of the Chicago Tribune newspaper. 
November 3, 1957 -
Soviet Russia launched the world's first inhabited space capsule, Sputnik II, which carried a dog named Laika.
November 4, 1979 -
About 500 young Iranian militants stormed the U.S. Embassy in Teheran, Iran, and took 90 hostages, including 52 Americans that they held captive for 444 days.
November 4, 1995 -
Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated as he left a peace rally in Tel Aviv.
November 6, 1860 -
Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th U.S. President and the first Republican. 
November 6, 1962 -
The U.N. General Assembly adopted a resolution condemning South Africa for its apartheid policies and recommended economic sanctions.
November 9, 1965 -
At 5:16 p.m., the Great Blackout of the Northeast began as a tripped circuit breaker at a power plant on the Niagara River caused a chain reaction sending power surges knocking out interconnected power companies down the East Coast.
November 10, 1775 -
The U.S. Marine Corps was established as part of the U.S. Navy.  It became a separate unit on July 11, 1789.
November 11th -
Celebrated in the U.S. as Veterans Day. 
November 11, 1918 -
The Armistice between the Allied and Central Powers was signed.
November 11, 1973 -
Egypt and Israel signed a cease-fire x agreement November 1st - All Hallows Day, also known as All Saints Day among Roman Catholics, commemorating those who have no special feast day.
November 1, 1963 - South Vietnamese President Ngo Dinh Diem and his brother Ngo Dinh Nhu were killed in a military coup.
November 1, 1993 - The European Union came into existence as a result of the Maastricht Treaty.
November 3, 1948 - Dewey Defeats Truman banner headline appeared on the front page of the Chicago Tribune newspaper. 
November 3, 1957 - Soviet Russia launched the world's first inhabited space capsule, Sputnik II, which carried a dog named Laika.
November 4, 1979 - About 500 young Iranian militants stormed the U.S. Embassy in Teheran, Iran, and took 90 hostages, including 52 Americans that they held captive for 444 days.
November 4, 1995 - Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin was assassinated as he left a peace rally in Tel Aviv.
November 6, 1860 - Abraham Lincoln was elected as the 16th U.S. President and the first Republican. 
November 9-10, 1938 - Kristallnacht (the night of broken glass) occurred in Germany as Nazi mobs burned synagogues and vandalized Jewish shops and homes.
November 9, 1965 - At 5:16 p.m., the Great Blackout of the Northeast began knocking out interconnected power companies down the East Coast.

November 9, 1989 - The Berlin Wall was opened up after standing for 28 years as a symbol of the Cold War. The 27.9 mile wall had been constructed in 1961.
November 10, 1775 - The U.S. Marine Corps was established as part of the U.S. Navy.  It became a separate unit on July 11, 1789.
November 11th - Celebrated in the U.S. as Veterans Day (formerly called Armistice Day) with parades and military memorial ceremonies.
November 11, 1918 - At 5 a.m., in Marshal Foch's railway car in the Forest of Compiegne, the Armistice between the Allied and Central Powers was signed, 
November 11, 1973 - Egypt and Israel signed a cease-fire agreement (The Camp David Accords) sponsored by the U.S.
November 13, 1956 - The U.S. Supreme Court ruled that racial segregation on public buses was unconstitutional.
November 14, 1666 - The first experimental blood transfusion took place in Britain, utilizing two dogs.
November 15, 1777 - The Articles of Confederation were adopted by Continental Congress.
November 15, 1864 - During the American Civil War, Union troops under General William T. Sherman burned Atlanta.
November 15, 1969 - The largest antiwar rally in U.S. History occurred as 250,000 persons gathered in Washington, D.C., to protest the Vietnam War.
November 17, 1558 - Queen Elizabeth I ascended the throne of England. 
November 17, 1800 - The U.S. Congress met for the first time in the new capital at Washington, D.C. 
November 17, 1869 - The Suez Canal was formally opened after more than 10 years of construction.
November 19, 1863 - President Abraham Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address. 
November 19, 1969 - The first news reports emerged that American troops in Vietnam had massacred civilians in My Lai Village in March of 1968.
November 19, 1978 - The biggest mass suicide in history occurred at Jonestown, Guyana. as Reverend Jim Jones led over 900 followers to their deaths. 
November 19-20, 1990 - The Cold War came to an end during a summit in Paris as leaders of NATO and the Warsaw Pact signed a Treaty on Conventional Forces in Europe.,
November 19, 1998 - The U.S. House of Representatives began an impeachment inquiry of President Bill Clinton, 
November 20, 1789 - New Jersey became the first state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
November 20, 1962 - The Cuban Missile Crisis concluded as President John F. Kennedy announced he had lifted the U.S. Naval blockade of Cuba.
November 22, 1963 - At 12:30 p.m., on Elm Street in downtown Dallas, President John F. Kennedy's motorcade slowly approached a triple underpass. Shots rang out. The President was struck in the back, then in the head. He was rushed to Parkland Memorial Hospital where fifteen doctors tried to save him. At 1 p.m., John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 35th President of the United States, was pronounced dead. 
November 24, 1969 - The U.S. Army announced that Lt. William L. Calley had been charged with premeditated murder in the massacre of civilians in the Vietnamese village of My Lai in March of 1968. 

November 25, 1974 - Britain outlawed the IRA (Irish Republican Army) following the deaths of 21 persons in a pub bombing in Birmingham.
November 26, 1789 - The first American holiday occurred, Thanksgiving Day, as a day of prayer and public thanksgiving in gratitude for the successful establishment of the new American republic.
November 29, 1864 - U.S. Army troops led by Colonel John Chivington attacked and killed at least 400 Cheyenne and Arapahoe Indians at Sand Creek, Colorado after they had already surrendered.
November 30, 1782 - A provisional peace treaty was signed between Great Britain and the United States heralding the end of America's War of Independence. The final treaty was signed in Paris on September 3, 1783. 


​JANUARY 2016


January 1 - New Year's Day - The most celebrated holiday around the world.
January 1, 1801
-Ireland was added to Great Britain by an Act of Union thus creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
January 1, 1863 - The Emancipation Proclamation by President Abraham Lincoln freed the slaves in the states rebelling against the Union.
January 1, 1892
- Ellis Island in New York Harbor opened.
January 1, 1901 - The Commonwealth of Australia was founded.
January 1, 1958
- The EEC (European Economic Community) known as the Common Market was formed.
January 1, 1959
- Fidel Castro seized power in Cuba.
January 1, 1979
- China and the U.S. established diplomatic relations.
Birthday - American Patriot Paul Revere (1735-1818).
January 2, 1960
- In Washington, D.C., Senator John F. Kennedy announced his intention to seek the Democratic presidential nomination.
January 3, 1777
- During the American Revolution, General George Washington defeated the British at Princeton.
January 3, 1959 - Alaska was admitted as the 49th U.S. state.
January 3, 1961
- U.S. President Eisenhower broke off diplomatic relations with Cuba.
January 3, 1993
- President George Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin signed the Start-II (Strategic Arms Reduction Talks) Treaty.
January 4, 1790
- President George Washington delivered the first State of the Union address.
Birthday 
- Joan of Arc (1412-1431).
January 7, 1999
- United States’ President William J. Clinton’s impeachment trial began.
January 8, 1815
- After the official end of the War of 1812, The Battle of New Orleans occurred.
January 8, 1959
- Charles de Gaulle took office as the first president of France's Fifth Republic.
January 8, 1964
- President Lyndon Johnson declared War on Poverty during his State of the Union message before the U.S. Congress.
January 8, 1982
- The American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T) Company was broken up.

Birthday - Elvis Presley (1935-1977) was born in Tupelo, Mississippi.
January 9, 1960
- Construction work began on the Aswan High Dam. 
Birthday
 - Richard M. Nixon (1913-1994) the 37th U.S. President, was born.
January 10, 1776
- Common Sense, by Thomas Paine, was published. 
January 10, 1861
- Florida became the third state to secede from the Union.
January 10, 1863
- The world's first underground railway service opened in London.
January 10, 1920
- The League of Nations officially came into existence.
January 10, 1946
- The first meeting of the United Nations General Assembly took place.
January 10, 1984
- The U.S. and Vatican re-established full diplomatic relations.
January 11, 1861
- Alabama seceded from the Union. 
Birthday 
- Alexander Hamilton (1755-1804).
January 12, 1991
- Congress authorized President George Bush to use military force against Iraq following its invasion of Kuwait.
Birthday - Edmund Burke (1729-1797), Irish orator, politician and philosopher. 
Birthday
- John Hancock (1737-1793), American statesman and patriot.
January 13, 1893
- The British Independent Labor Party was founded.
January 13, 1990
- Douglas Wilder of Virginia became the first African American governor in the U.S.
Birthday - Author Horatio Alger (1834-1899).
Birthday - Benedict Arnold (1741-1801), famous American traitor.
Birthday - Philosopher-physician Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965).
January 15, 1535 - Henry VIII became Supreme Head of the Church in England.
Birthday
- Martin Luther King (1929-1968).
January 16, 1547
- Ivan the Terrible officially crowned as the first Russian Czar.
January 16, 1979
- The Shah of Iran departed his country.
January 16, 1991
- The war against Iraq, operation Desert Storm, began.
January 17, 1773 - The ship Resolution, sailing under Captain James Cook, became the first vessel to cross the Antarctic Circle.
Birthday
- Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790).
Birthday
- Muhammad Ali (nee, Cassius Clay).
January 18, 1966
- Robert Clifton Weaver sworn in as the first African American cabinet member in U.S. history.
Birthday
- American orator and politician Daniel Webster (1782-1852).
January 19, 1966 - Indira Gandhi was elected prime minister of India.
Birthday - Gen. Robert E. Lee (1807-1870).
Birthday - Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849), poet and writer.
January 20, 1936 - King George V of England died at age 71.
January 20, 1981 - Ronald Reagan became president of the United States.
January 21, 1793
- King Louis XVI of France was guillotined.
January 21, 1924
- Soviet Russian leader Vladimir Lenin died.
January 21, 1954 - The USS Nautilus, the world's first nuclear powered submarine, was launched.
Birthday - Ethan Allen (1738-1789), a hero of the American Revolution. 
January 22, 1901
- Queen Victoria of England died after a reign of 64 years
January 22, 1973 - Abortion became legal in the U.S. as the Supreme Court announced its decision in the case of Roe vs. Wade.
Birthday
- British essayist, philosopher and statesman Francis Bacon (1561-1626).
January 23, 1907 -
Charles Curtis of Kansas became the first person of Native American ancestry to serve in the U.S Senate.
January 23, 1968
- The American ship USS Pueblo was seized by North Korea.
January 24, 41 AD 
- Roman Emperor Caligula assassinated by his own guard.
January 24, 1848
- The California gold rush began.
January 24, 1895 - Hawaii's monarchy ended as Queen Liliuokalani was forced to abdicate.
January 24, 1965
- Winston Churchill (1874-1965) died.
January 25, 1947
- Gangster Al Capone died in Miami at age 48 from syphilis.
January 25, 1959
- An American Airlines Boeing 707 made the first scheduled transcontinental U.S. flight, traveling from California to New York.
January 25, 1961
- President John F. Kennedy conducted the first live televised presidential news conference.
January 26, 1788
- The British established a settlement at Sydney Harbor in Australia.
Birthday
- Gen. Douglas MacArthur (1880-1964).
January 27, 1967
- Three American astronauts were killed as a fire erupted inside Apollo 1 during a launch simulation test at Cape Kennedy, Florida.
January 27, 1973
- U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War ended by the Paris Peace Accord.
Birthday
- Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791).
Birthday
- British novelist Lewis Carroll (1832-1898).
Birthday - German Kaiser Wilhelm II (1859-1941).
January 28, 1547 - King Henry VIII of England died.
January 28, 1915
- The U.S. Coast Guard was created.
January 28, 1935
- Iceland became the first country to legalize abortion.
January 28, 1986
- The U.S. Space Shuttle Challenger exploded.
January 29, 1891
- Hawaii proclaimed Liliuokalani as its queen.
January 29, 1919
- The 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (Prohibition) ratified.
Birthday
- Common Sense author Thomas Paine (1737-1809).
Birthday
- Russian playwright Anton Chekhov (1860-1904).
January 30, 1649
- King Charles I of England was beheaded for treason.
January 30, 1933
- Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany.
January 30, 1948 - Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated in New Delhi, India.
January 30, 1968
- Beginning of the Tet Offensive in the Vietnam War.
January 30, 1972
- In Londonderry, Northern Ireland, 13 Roman Catholics were killed by British troops during a banned civil rights march. The event became known as Bloody Sunday.
Birthday
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945) the 32nd U.S. President.
Birthday
- Jackie Robinson (1919-1972), the first African American to play professional baseball.